In October 2014, RJIF launched the “Historical Review of Moderate Conservatism in Japan” as the latest iteration of its “Critical Review of the DPJ Government” project.
The Review is timely. November 2015 marked the 60th anniversary of the establishment of Japan’s Liberal Democratic Party (LDP). “Moderate Conservatism”, that characterized the LDP after World War II, began a decline in the 1990s during the Koizumi era and is being more pronounced during the second Abe administration. The LDP is now changing and drifting from its traditional role as the “national political party.”
This project therefore aims to critically examine how political party democracy and “Moderate Conservatism” in Japan have shifted during these years. Our goal is to offer practical suggestions that will contribute to the revitalization of “Moderate Conservatism” necessary for Japan’s future.
We gathered a team of leading academic experts in Japan and overseas to serve as authors for the project’s final publication. The team interviewed twenty key individuals that played major roles in the LDP and had significant influence during these transitional years away from “Moderate Conservatism”. Interviewees include former Prime Ministers, Cabinet members, LDP leaders and bureaucrats. The interviews reflected a broad array of subjects – their political beliefs, behind-the-scenes politics, opinions regarding the future of Japanese policy and more. The output, entitled “The decline of Postwar Moderate Conservatism in Japan” was published in Japan from Kadokawa-Shinsho on November 15, 2015.
Hearings: Held from January 7th 2014 to August 10th 2015
Titles: as of August 2015
All the members of the House are LDP members unless otherwise specified
|INOGUCHI, Kuniko||Member, the House of Councilors
Former Minister of State for Measures for Declining Birthrate and Gender Equality
|ONODERA, Itsunori||Member, the House of Representatives
Former Minister of Defense
|KABASHIMA, Ikuo||The governor of Kumamoto Prefecture|
|KONO, Yohei||Former Speaker of the House of Representatives
Former President of the LDP
|KOMURA, Masahiko||Member, the House of Representatives
the Vice-President of the LDP
|KOGA, Makoto||Former Minister of Transport
Former secretary general of the LDP
|SHIRAKWA, Katsuhiko||Former Minister of Home Affairs|
|SEKO, Hiroshige||Member, the House of Councilors
Deputy Chief Cabinet Secretary
|TAKEI, Shunsuke||Member, the House of Representatives|
|TANAKA, Shusei||Former chief of the Economic planning Agency (New Party Sakigake)|
|NUKAGA, Fukushiro||Member, the House of Representatives
Former Minister of Finance
|NODA, Seiko||Member, the House of Representatives
Former Chairperson of the LDP General Council
|NONAKA Hiromu||Former Chief Cabinet Secretary
Former Secretary General of the LDP
|HAYASHI, Yoshimasa||Member, the House of Councilors
Minister of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries
|HIRANUMA, Takeo||Member, the House of Representatives
Chairperson of the Party for Future Generations
|FUKUDA, Yasuo||The 91st Prime Minister of Japan
Former President of the LDP
|FURUKAWA, Teijiro||Former Deputy Chief Cabinet Secretary|
|MURAYAMA,Tomiichi||The 81st Prime Minister of Japan
Honorary chairperson of the Social Democratic Party
|MORITA, Hajime||Former Minister of Transport|
|YAMASAKI, Shiro||Commissioner, Secretariat of the Headquarters for Overcoming Population Decline and Vitalizing Local Economy in Japan|
Professor of Political Science, Faculty of Liberal Arts, Sophia University.
Part-time Lecturer, the School of Law, Meiji University
Professor of Politics, Graduate School of Social Sciences, Hitotsubashi University
Professor of Political Science, Department of Advanced Social and International Studies, the University of Tokyo
Associate Professor of Government, Dartmouth College
Faculty Affiliate at the Reischauer Institute for Japanese Studies, Harvard University
Prof. Lind’s research focuses on the international security relations of East Asia. She has a B.A. from the University of California, Berkeley, an M.P.I.A. from the School of Global Policy & Strategy at the University of California, San Diego, and a Ph.D. In political science from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
Prof. Lind’s research has engaged several key questions in East Asian international relations, including the future of Japanese security policy, the security implications of democratization, and the stability of the Korean peninsula. Her first book, on memory and international reconciliation, was Sorry States: Apologies in International Politics (Cornell University Press, 2008). Prof. Lind has published her research in scholarly journals such as International Security and International Studies Quarterly. She has also written widely on these topics in the popular press, such as in Foreign Affairs, The Wall Street Journal, and The New York Times, and has been quoted extensively in the Japanese and global media. Prof. Lind’s most recent book project examines the economic and military obstacles that countries must overcome to become a great power.
Part-time Lecturer, College of Law and Politics Rikkyo University
Professor, Faculty of Global Studies, Sophia University.
Associate Professor, Faculty of Global and Inter-cultural Studies, Ferris University
Chairman of the RJIF
Former Editor-in-Chief , The Asahi Shimbun
Distinguished Guest Professor, Keio University
Yoichi Funabashi is Chairman of the Rebuild Japan Initiative Foundation and a former Editor-in-Chief for the Asahi Shimbun. He is a contributing editor of Foreign Policy (Washington, DC).
He served as correspondent for the Asahi Shimbun in Beijing (1980-81) and Washington (1984-87), and as American General Bureau Chief (1993-97). In 1985 he received the Vaughn-Ueda Prize for his reporting on international affairs. He won the Japan Press Award, known as Japan’s “Pulitzer Prize”, in 1994 for his columns on foreign policy, and his articles in Foreign Affairs and Foreign Policy won the Ishibashi Tanzan Prize in 1992.
His books in English include The Peninsula Question (Brookings Institute, 2007); Reconciliation in the Asia-Pacific, ed. (USIP, 2003,); Alliance Tomorrow, ed. (Tokyo Foundation, 2001); Alliance Adrift (Council on Foreign Relations Press, 1998, winner of the Shincho Arts and Sciences Award); Asia-Pacific Fusion: Japan’s Role in APEC (Institute for International Economics, 1995, winner of the Mainichi Shimbun Asia Pacific Grand Prix Award); and Managing the Dollar: From the Plaza to the Louvre (1988 winner of the Yoshino Sakuzo Prize).
His recent articles and papers in English include: “Fukushima in review: a complex disaster, a disastrous response”(Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, March/April 2012); “Lessons from Japan’s nuclear accident” (East Asia Forum, 26 March 2012); “The end of Japanese illusions”(New York Times, 11 March 2012); “My findings in Japan’s existential fallout” (Financial Times, 9 March 2012); “Challenges for Rising Asia and Japan’s Role” (Yale Global Online, September 2010); “Forget Bretton Woods II: the Role for U.S.-China-Japan Trilateralism” (Washington Quarterly, April 2009); “No One Model for Global Economy” (Yale Global Online, March 2009); “Keeping Up With Asia” (Foreign Affairs, September/October 2008); “Power of Ideas: The US is Losing its Edge” (Global Asia, Fall 2007); “Stuck on the Sidelines”, (Newsweek International, 5 March 2007); “Koizumi landslide: the China factor” (Yale Global Online, 15 September 2005); “The world should also have a vote”(International Herald Tribune, 25 March 2004); “Koizumi opens a Pandora’s box”(Financial Times, 7 January 2004); “China is preparing a ‘peaceful ascendancy’ ” (International Herald Tribune, 30 December 2003); “Learning from five years of trialogue” (China-Japan-US: Meeting New Challenges, 2002); “Northeast Asia’s strategic dilemmas” (Assessing the Threats, 2002); “Asia’s digital challenge”(Survival, Spring 2002); “Japan’s unfinished success story” (Japan Quarterly 2001); “Japan’s moment of truth” (Survival, Winter 2000-01); “International perspectives on national missile defense: Tokyo’s temperance” (The Washington Quarterly, Summer 2000); “Tokyo’s depression diplomacy” (Foreign Affairs, November / December 1998); “Thinking trilaterally” (China-Japan-US: Managing the Trilateral Relationship, 1998); and “Bridging Asia’s economics-security gap” (Survival, Winter 1996-97).
He received his B.A. from the University of Tokyo in 1968 and his Ph.D. from Keio University in 1992. He was a Nieman Fellow at Harvard University (1975-76), a visiting Fellow at the Institute for International Economics (1987), a Donald Keene Fellow at Columbia University (2003), and a visiting professor at the University of Tokyo Public Policy Institute (2005-2006).
Former RJIF Chief Administrative Officer/Fellow（-Sep.2015）